A scholar and traveller Wolff (1795-1862) was born in Weilersbach, near Bamberg, Germany. He was Jewish but converted to Christianity early in life. Wolff; learned both Arabic and Muslim and travelled extensively in Asia doing missionary work. Wolff was also commissioned by a committee headed by Captain John Grover to discover the fate of the two British officers Stoddart and Conolly and return with news to England. He discovered that they had been beheaded at the command of the Emir of Bukhara (Usbekistan), Nasrullah Khan, in 1842. Between 1845 and 1852 his account of his mission went through seven editions.