Alfred Wilks Drayson (1827–1901) was an English army officer, author and astronomer. He was a personal friend of Arthur Conan Doyle, who dedicated to him the short story collection "The Captain of the Polestar". Drayson graduated in 1846 at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. Once commissioned, he then served in the Seventh Xhosa War. He rose through the ranks of the Royal Military, being promoted captain in 1854, major in 1868; lieutenant-colonel in 1869, and colonel in 1874. While on the Military Topography staff at the Royal Military Academy from 1858 to 1873 he authored works on astronomy and the effects of planetary positions and rotations on glacial phenomena.