Warren, Erasmus; Geologia: or, a Discourse Concerning the Earth before the Deluge. Wherein the Form and Properties ascribed to it, in a Book intituled The Theory of the Earth, are Excepted against; And it is made appear, That the Dissolution of that Earth was not the Cause of the Universal Flood. Also a New Explication of that Flood is attempted. & A Defence of the Discourse Concerning the Earth Before the Flood....& Some Reflections upon the Short Consideration of the Defence of the Exceptions Against the Theory of the Earth. London, R. Chiswell for J. Southby, 1690-1691-1692. Quarto, pp. 14, 359, 4 woodcuts, 2nd title page, pp. 232, 1, 3rd title page, pp. 6, 53, 1 page of ads.
The work is complete with all three publications present and in a 19th century calf and marbled boards with gilt titles. The binding is clean, text is lightly trimmed, archival restoration to tattered outer margin of title page, toning and light soiling to outer margins of first pages. In very good condition.
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Warren (??-1718), an English theologian was the rector of Worlington in Suffolk. He became alarmed by what he perceived as Thomas Burnet's poor treatment of the Mosaic writings in Burnet’s “Theory of the Earth”, Warren wrote “Geologia” and insisted that Genesis be taken literally. Warren maintained that God created the earth with its present form, and he defended the beauty of mountains against Burnet's diatribes. Getting into the scientific spirit, Warren even tried to show that there were mechanical problems with Burnet's hypothesis and that the earth could not possibly dry and crack in the manner he advocated.
Burnet believed the face of the earth before the Biblical Flood was smooth and regular, and that the earth had a great subterranean chamber that was filled with water that flowed out to create the great flood, but then subsided and fell back into the abyss. Warren felt that the original earth had mountains and oceans before the flood, and that there was no subterranean chamber. He refuted Burnet with geological and scriptural details. Warren's two other publications bound in with Geologia are replies to Burnet’s criticisms of Warren's work. A complete set of Warren's writings are rare.