Ramsay, Andrew Crombie; Geological Map of England & Wales. Third Edition. London : Edward Stanford, 1866.

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Ramsay, Andrew Crombie; Geological Map of England & Wales. Third Edition. London : Edward Stanford, 1866. 

The map is on a scale of twelve miles to the inch, and hand-coloured to show the different strata.  Lithograph on paper, with full original hand color. Measures 331/2" wide by 39" high. Map is dissected and mounted on linen and folding into the original cloth slip-case which is lettered in gilt and decorated in blind. The map is in very good condition with bright colors and the slip-case has only minor wear to the edges. The gilt lettering is bright.  Private owner's name stamp on linen on the verso of map. Very few copies of the 1866 edition are known. In very good+ condition.

Sir Andrew Crombie Ramsay, (1814-1891)was a Scottish geologist and would become the Director of the British Geological SurveyHe was especially interested in field geology and geological mapping and later in life tracing out the causes which have determined the physical configuration of a region. At that time in his life he devoted much attention to the effects produced by ice and argued that in some cases lake basins have been scooped out by glaciers. In his field work rather then focus on details he looked at the broader picture of stratigraphy and physical geology. It was these proposals and theories which he expressed in his lectures and writings that stirred the imagination of others and  exercised influence on the progress of geology. His first book, The Geology of the Isle of Arran, was published in 1841. Within  the first volume of the Memoirs of the Geological Survey (1846) he contributed a now classic essay, 'On the Denudation of South Wales and the Adjacent Counties of England’. In 1863, Ramsay provided lectures to the working class at the Museum of Practical Geology. These lectures were gathered together and formed the core of his ‘Physical Geology and Geography of Great Britain. 
However, Ramsay's primary focus was on the broader questions of stratigraphy and physical geology and the making of geological maps. Ramsay was a great field geologist and he knew how to make a map and how it should appear when it was published. To Ramsay more than anyone is due the great excellence of the series of maps of England and Wales. Ramsay's map was originally published in 1859. and in their day they were admitted to be the best geological maps of any country that had been published up to that time. They set a standard which other Surveys strove to attain. Ramsay's map is considered one of the most beautiful British geological maps of the nineteenth century.