Martin, Peter John. A Geological Memoir on a Part of Western Sussex; with Some Observations upon Chalk-Basins, the Weald-Denudation, and Outliers-by-Protrusion. London: Sold by John Booth, 1828. Quarto, pp. x, errata, 100, large folding hand-coloured engraved map, 3 other hand-coloured engraved maps, folded table.
The work is complete and in the original wine red boards, original ruled printed label on front cover. Wear to board edges, spine restored, text and plates clean with light foxing to last plates. A presentation copy with inscription on the front free endpaper inscribed, "Wm. D. Saul Esq. from the author." In very good condition.
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Peter John Martin(1786–1860) was an English geologist and physician. He was born in 1786 at Pulborough, Sussex, where his father, Peter Patrick Martin was a doctor and Peter was educated by his father and an elder brother, and studied medicine, first at the United Hospital and then in Edinburgh.
While in Edinburgh Martin also developed a keen interest in geology. After joining his father to practice medicine he devoted himself also to the study of the geology of the neighbouring district, and contributed several papers to the Geological Society, of which he was elected a fellow in 1833, and to the 'Philosophical Magazine.'
Martin's most important work was his separately published 1828 work ‘Geological Memoir on a part of Western Sussex’. As a geologist Martin belonged to the catastrophism school these ideas are found in his writings. He was correct in insisting that the Tertiary 'basins' of London and Hampshire were not originally separated, but argued the separation that took place was the result of subsequent earth-movements. His main strength as a geologist is seen in his accurate observations in the field.