Hutton, Thomas; The Chronology of Creation; or, Geology and Scripture Reconciled. W. Thacker, London and Calcutta, 1851. Octavo, pp. 2, half-title, xvi, 2, errata, 503. Half-title printed in red. Hand-colored lithograph frontispiece and 3 hand colored plates. Calcutta & London: W. Thacker & Co., 1851.
The work is complete and in the original green blind-stamped cloth, gilt-lettered spine. Light scuffing to binding, minor dust soiling, inscribed by Hutton on first end sheet. Over all in very good condition.
Hutton was a Captain in the Bengal Army stationed in India. He was a strict literalist in his interpretation of the bible and frequently wrote on biblical issues. His work “ chronology of Creation” is a rebuttal of Buckland's Geology and Mineralogy Considered With Reference to Natural Theology (1837). Hutton, rejected the Buckland's views of earth history and species development and emphasized William Paley's position that the world was not made for man alone but for the pleasure of all species of life. All organic mechanisms are equally good, as evidence of beneficent adaptation. He argued that it is futile to try to reconcile geological epochs with the days of creation in Genesis and dismissed the geological system Buckland proposed which was progressive development from an initially hot earth, with discontinuous assemblages of organic life being created and dying out. Buckland was an advocate of change over time (an idea basic to evolutionary theory) and this view was anathema to Hutton, who refused to accept Buckland's theory of successive creations. In Hutton’s opinion, any argument that the Earth had arisen out of the 'wreck and ruins' of a former world, could not be proven by any sentence in the Bible. Hutton argues that when we are told that 'in the beginning God created the Heaven and the Earth,’ we are told so in reference solely to our own actual planet, and not to any world which may have preceded it. He believed that the materials from which the Earth was produced, were called into being expressly for the purpose of creating the Earth. Hutton's book was first published in Calcutta, India in 1850 and London printing was issued less then a year later in 1851.