Conybeare,W. D. and Phillips, William; Outlines of the Geology of England and Wales, with an Introductory Compendium of the General Principles of the Science, and Comparative views of the Structure of Foreign Countries, illustrated by a Colored Map and Sections. Part I. (all published). London, William Phillips, 1822. Octavo, pp. lxi, half title, folded table, 470, 2 pages ads, folded hand colored frontispiece geological map, folded hand colored profile, one plate of laboratory apparatus, text figures.
The work is complete and in a modern gray linen with a gilt on red spine label. The binding is tight and near fine. The text is very clean with light age toning and minor foxing. Book plate on pastedown of Harry Lupton (abt. 1785 - 1861) English surgeon and author of The History of Thame and its Hamlets, 1860.
William Daniel Conybeare (1787-1857) was an English geologist and paleontologist and is best known for his classic work on the Carboniferous stratigraphy in England and Wales which was written with the English geologist and mineralogist William Phillips (1773-1828). In 1822 Conybeare and Phillips published their classic Outlines of the Geology of England and Wales, in which fossils were used to date sedimentary formations. Conybeare and Phillips coined the term Carboniferous (or coal-bearing) to apply to the succession of rocks from north-central England that contained the Coal Measures. The unit also included several underlying rock formations extending down into what is now considered part of the underlying Devonian System. The authors are considered to be the most able scientists of their time with regards the synthesis of progressionism and catastrophism, which dominated geology in the 1820's and 1830's. Within this work they provide a major improvement of the compilation of English stratigraphy first laid out by William Phillips. In Part I of the work the authors described British stratigraphy back to the newly proposed Carboniferous. Conybeare was collaborating with the English geologist Adam Sedgwick for a second volume describing the earlier strata but that work was never published.