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Rare Western Americana Book: Ludlow, William; Report of a Reconnaissance of the Black Hills of Dakota made in the summer of 1874. Washington, GPO, 1875.

$1,200.00

Rare Western Americana Book: Ludlow, William; Report of a Reconnaissance of the Black Hills of Dakota made in the summer of 1874. Washington, GPO, 1875.

$1,200.00
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Book 565-E
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10.00 LBS
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Ludlow, William; Report of a Reconnaissance of the Black Hills of Dakota made in the summer of 1874. Washington, GPO, 1875. Quarto, pp. 121, 3 folded maps (1 colored), 1 plate.

The work is complete and in the original brown cloth with gilt spine titles. The binding is tight and clean, titles very lightly faded. X-lib. Columbia School Mines with small penciled notation and later embossed stamp of Craig Black on title. The text, maps and plate are very clean. In very good condition.

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 William Ludlow (November 27, 1843 – August 30, 1901) was an officer in the Corps of Engineers and a major general in the United States Army who served in the Civil War, Plain Indian Wars, the Spanish-American War, and led two scientific expeditions examining both the Black Hills region and Yellowstone National Park. 

In 1874 Ludlow led a scientific and military reconnaissance through the Black Hills. After an overview of the topography and geography of the region by Ludlow, much of the report was devoted to the geology, stratigraphy, and paleontology which was compiled by the geologist on the expedition N. H. Winchell. The military part of the expedition was ten companies of the 7th Calvary commanded by Lieut. Col. George Armstrong Custer. In the summer of 1874 Custer led seven companies of the 7th Calvary on the now famous march from Fort Abraham Lincoln to the Black Hills. Ludlow and his men accompanied Custer. They reconnoitered a route to Bear Butte (present day western S. Dakota) and explored the country south, southeast and southwest of Bear Butte. It was on this expedition that gold was discovered, leading almost at once to the Black Hills Gold Rush. That gold rush led to conflicts with the Sioux and during that conflict Custer and the 7th Calvary were wiped out at the Battle of the Little Big Horn.

The results of Ludlow’s reconnaissance were published in 1875 in his “Black Hills of Dakota”. The report included two large folded reconnaissance maps and Winchell’s colored geological map.

Ludlow’s principal map is titled “Map of a Reconnaissance of the Black Hills, July and August 1874, with troops under command of Lt. Col. G. A. Custer, 7th Calvary”. Scale is 12 miles to an inch. The map shows the entire reconnaissance is shown and the map contains remarkable details. The size is 21.5 inches x 25.75 inches.

The second map is even larger and is titled “Map of the Black Hills from the Reconnaissance by Capt. William Ludlow, Corps of Engineers, 1874 and Maps of Warren (1857) and Reynolds (1859)”. The routes of both Warren  and Reynolds are shown. The scale is 3 miles to an inch. Size is 24 inches x 38 inches.

The third map covers nearly the same area as the second map has the topography simplified and is on a scale of 6 miles to the inch. It is the colored geological map by Professor N. H. Winchell and is titled “A Geological Map of the Black Hills…”. Size is 17.5 inches x 25.5 inches.

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