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Rare Mineralogy Book: Schmeisser, Johann Gottfried; A System Of Mineralogy, Formed Chiefly On The Plan of Cronstedt. 1795.

$3,000.00

Rare Mineralogy Book: Schmeisser, Johann Gottfried; A System Of Mineralogy, Formed Chiefly On The Plan of Cronstedt. 1795.

$3,000.00
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Book 695-C 875
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Schmeisser, Johann Gottfried; A System Of Mineralogy, Formed Chiefly On The Plan of Cronstedt. Vol. I. - II. By J.G. Schmeisser, F.R.S. &c. London: Printed for C. Dilly in the Poultry. 1795. Octavo (210 x 120 mm). Vol. 1, pp. xxxviii, 1, xix, 1, 21-344. Vol. 2, pp. xvi, 374, 4 plates (instruments and crystals).

The set is complete and in a contemporary tree calf with gilt titles. Bindings are tight and clean, titles partially faded, text and plates are very clean. Over all a very good to near fine set.

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A German chemist, physician, and mineralogist; Schmeisser (1767-1837) was apprenticed at an early age to an apothecary in Braunsweig. While serving in this capacity he received a foundation in classical physics, chemistry, anatomy, mineralogy and botany. The experience served him well throughout his life. He traveled extensively, including an extended trip to London. There he was introduced into the scientific circles by his English friend, Joseph Banks [1743-1820] and this introduction led to his selection as companion and guide to Baron von Voght [1752-1839] on his journey through England and Scotland. Voght commissioned Schmeisser to set up a chemical laboratory for Voight for studies in agriculture in Germany but the laboratory was never established. Subsequently, Schmeisser moved to Helmstadt where he received an M.D. from the University and settled in Alton, establishing a successful apothecary shop. Throughout the remainder of his life, Schmeisser continued to travel extensively, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Societies of London and Edinburgh.?Schmeisser’s work; A System of Mineralogy, was written to provide the student with an accurate text. He relies primarily upon the theories of Axel Fredrich Cronstedt to describe the science and includes a large amount of practical advise on the chemical analysis and description of minerals. The preface acknowledges the author's debt to Wallerius, Cronstedt, Bergman and Delamétherie for the chemical analyses, to Urban Friedrich Benedict Brückmann [1723-1812] for the description of the gems, to Romé de l'Isle for the crystallography and to Werner and Karsten for the descriptions of the external characters of minerals. ?The preface provides an introduction to Werner's concept of external characters of minerals and some rules of chemistry. ?The introduction describes differences between substances. There is a table listing the quantities of substances that dissolve in sulphuric, nitric and muriatic acids. The introduction concludes with a sketch of the history of mineralogy. ?Next come tables comparing the external characters and mineral forms. This is followed by a descriptive mineralogy dividing the individuals into Classes, Genera, Species and Varieties. Following the descriptive mineralogy is a discussion on how minerals should be described and examined.

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