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Martin, William; Figures and Descriptions of Petrifications Collected in Derbyshire. 1809.

$2,400.00

Martin, William; Figures and Descriptions of Petrifications Collected in Derbyshire. 1809.

$2,400.00
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Book 572-C
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Martin, William;  Petrifacta Derbiensia. Figures and Descriptions of Petrifications collected in Derbyshire. Wigan: printed by D. Lyon sold by White et al, 1809. (vol. 1, all published) Quarto,  pp. ix, ii, ii,  28, 52 hand-coloured plates with each accompanied by letterpress description, 28 page systematic arrangement of fossils at end.

The work is complete and in a brown speckled cloth with gilt spine titles and gilt seal of the Birmingham Library. Binding is tight and clean. Book plate of Birmingham Library on paste down with discard notice on book plate. Light tonig to text and some plates with stamp on lower part of title page and ornate stamp on lower part of each plate. Over all in very good condition.

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William Martin (1767 – 1810) was an English naturalist and palaeontologist who was an early proponent of science using fossils as evidence to support the study of natural history. Martin wrote the first scientific study of fossils published in English and which contained the first colour plates of fossils. The work was Derbyshire Petrifications issue 1 printed in 1794. No further issues were printed and Martin followed that brief work with his Petrificata Derbiensa which is offered here.
Martin’s work with fossils led to his being elected a fellow of the Linnaean Society. He was particularly influenced by the writings of Derbyshire geologist, John Whitehurst especially his work An Inquiry into the Original State and Formation of the Earth first published in 1778. That work contained an important appendix which concerned General Observations on the Strata in Derbyshire. Martin published his Petrifacta Derbiensia. Figures and Descriptions of Petrifications collected in Derbyshire. Martin’s use of color in the illustrations helped him to describe both the fossils and and the Carboniferous limestone features he had studied in Derbyshire. Martin's work with brachiopods was recognized in 1844 when the genus Martinia was named after him. Seven years later he was again recognized when the Derbyshire fossil coral Lithostrotion martini was named in his honor.

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